Erik Solheim, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP): Chinese Model of Desertification Control Deserves Global Replications
13.09.2017

The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Will Establish Green Development Alliance with Chinese Government Based on “One Belt, One Road” Concept

Tuesday 12 September 2017

By Fanchao, Xi

The high-level segment of the 13th session of the conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was held in Erdos, September 11. Erik Solheim, the United Nations undersecretary and executive director of UNEP, was interviewed after the conference. He said that China’s achievements on desertification combat are of significant importance. It not only gives a much better explanation on Green Development Concept, but also provides relevant technologies and models on desertification control.

Spot on the 13th session of the conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), September 11.

Erik also concerns air environment control in China. He believes that when addressing the problems occurred in cities ’air governance, China has made obvious progress in technologies and methods. It can share its experience to the international community, at the same time learn from other countries and put it into applications.

Erik Solheim, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

Two months ago, Erik went to the Kub Desert in Erdos, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

He said that “the achievements on desertification combat are inspiring, I’m glad to see that China has made such great achievements and all of us should think about how to promote it”.

In recent 30 years, a total of 6000 square kilometers of deserts in Kub have been turned into green lands. “Six in One” industrial system, namely ecological restoration, animal husbandry, ecotourism, ecological photovoltaic and industry, has already been established. Accumulative 100 thousand farmers are pulled out of poverty.

Vegetation net in Kub Desert

Erik praised Kub Models many times in the interview.

“People there don’t regard the Desert as a problem or a difficulty, but an opportunity and a challenge”, Erik said. At first, the situation in Kub was extremely terrible and people did not pay much attention on the problem of desertification. However, great changes have taken after 30 years’ governance.

On account of improving soil quality by liquorice growth, vegetables and fruits were planted the first time in kub.

Representatives from home and abroad are eating kub’s organic vegetables and fruits, September 10.

Erik said that a global mechanism should be formulated when it comes to environmental governance. All the countries should play their advantages and work closely with each other. There might have some problems during the cooperation, but the United Nations would like to work with China to share the most advanced technologies and practical methods to the world, thus uniting other countries and promoting the way of global environment governance.

Erik told the reporter that he saw lots of solar power generation machines, eco-agriculture and eco-pharmaceutical factories in Kub. These industries bring along local employment and stimulate economic development.

“I’m really appreciate‘ One Belt, One Road’concept proposed by President Xi. Desertification in the alongside countries of the Belt is very severe and experiences from China can be shared to these countries effectively.” Erik said.

He added that “ the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) will establish Green Development Alliance with Chinese government based on “One Belt, One Road” concept, launching cooperation with countries alongside the Belt”. Besides, “we will focus on new energy developments, such as the use of solar power rather than coal, as well as environmental influences due to infrastructure construction in involving countries, for instance, the protection of animals and plants in the process of railway construction”.

Now, China faces challenges from air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. Ministry of Environmental Protection has done a lot to combat all these problems. Since 2017, to deal with the air pollution in northern China, particularly in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas, Ministry of Environmental Protection launched the largest specific programs in history in a total number of 5600 people.

“Air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution are common environmental problems that all countries should take into account”, Erik said. When addressing the problems occurred in cities ’air governance, China has made obvious progress in technologies and methods. It can share its experience to the international community at the same time learn from other countries and put it into applications.

Source: Pengpai News

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